Hemorrhoids or plies is a common condition characterized by the inflammation and swelling of the hemorrhoidal veins round the lower rectum or anus. These are enlarged veins that can be either internal or external or both. When the hemorrhoidal condition becomes chronic, this could result to bleeding. Internal hemorrhoids usually occur inside the anus while external hemorrhoids are protrusions that can be seen as fleshy lumps on the anus. Bleeding is often due to the increased pressure exerted on the veins within the rectal area. The more pressure is exerted, the more blood starts collecting on the veins, thus causing it to dilate. As the condition occurs frequently, the veins may develop perpetual swelling and this can stretch the surrounding tissues, thus resulting to the formation of hemorrhoids. Various reasons can case the veins to become swollen including exertion or straining during bowel movements, different types of bowel conditions, such as constipation and/or diarrhea, obesity, pregnancy and labor, sitting on the toilet seat for a long time and pelvic tumors.
The symptoms of bleeding hemorrhoids depend on where it develops, internally or externally. Internal hemorrhoids cannot be felt or seen, but increased pressure on the anus can cause it to bleed. There are times when it may protrude, thus resulting to pain and discomfort. On the other hand, external hemorrhoids can be easily seen as a lump or a form of clot or thrombus and it can be easily felt. The bleeding and itching sensation can be experienced while passing stools and these are common symptoms. Aside from that, other symptoms of the condition include small amounts of blood spotting even when you are not moving bowels. Pain, swelling, discomfort and lumps surrounding the anus, sensitivity, tenderness, constant irritation and itching around the anal area are indications of the condition as well.
The treatment for bleeding hemorrhoids involves the administration of medications that would help reduce inflammation along with lifestyle changes and home remedies that would help relieve discomfort. Your physician will decide the bleeding hemorrhoids treatment method and the duration of its administration depending on the results of the physical rectal examination and the colonoscopy.
- Medications and Surgery: suppositories together with NSAID medications, such as ibuprofen, can be given to reduce the pain due to the condition. Ointments with zinc oxide can also be prescribed for relining to get rid of irritation and to soothe the skin. Hemorrhoidectomy, the surgical removal of the hemorrhoids, may also be included in the course of treatment but this is usually done in case the condition is severe or the hemorrhoids are enlarged, internal and has uncontrolled bleeding. There are non-surgical treatments that can also be administered to reduce blood circulation to the hemorrhoids, thus causing it to shrink.
- Home Remedies: home remedies can also be used for the treatment of hemorrhoids and itching. Remember that diet plays an important role in the formation and in the controlling of the size of hemorrhoids. As much as possible, you have to make sure that you are consuming lots of fibrous foods, such as green vegetables and fresh fruits. You should also improve your bowel habits and avoid straining or sitting on the toilet for a long period to prevent the development of hemorrhoids. Keeping the area of the anus clean is also necessary in order to avoid the occurrence of secondary infections. Avoiding the use of soaps that could irritate the condition is highly recommended as well. Since you need to keep the area clean, make sure to opt for mild soaps. You can also use cold and hot compress to reduce the inflammation due to hemorrhoids. Another excellent way to relieve the discomfort is to sit on a tub of lukewarm water several times per day, especially after passing stools. Wearing well-fitting undergarments is also necessary, but make sure that the undergarment is made of cotton to be certain that it perspiration will not irritate the condition further.
Hemorrhoids condition are very common in both men and women and severe cases of internal or external hemorrhoids can affect your regular routines, especially if you are experiencing severe pain and discomfort due to it. However, you should bear in mind that the condition could be easily managed by doing some lifestyle changes and dietary modifications. In case the hemorrhoids start bleeding or it is causing unbearable pain and discomfort, a consultation with your physician is necessary. This should also be done when the home remedies mentioned above cannot provide relief against the condition. You might be required to undergo medical diagnosis of the condition to determine if it is due to any underlying medical conditions. If it were, then the aim of the treatment would be to get rid of the underlying medical cause, thereby treating hemorrhoids. In case the condition has nothing to do with any medical problems, surgical procedures will be administered to obtain long-term relief against the condition. Preventive measures should also be followed to prevent the condition from occurring again in the future.